Monday, 7 December 2009

Pugliese: BBA

It's Day 29 in the BBA Challenge and we finally made it to the end of the Ps. Today, we're making Pugliese, a rustic Italian bread similar to ciabatta.

Ciabatta originated in the Lake Como region of Lombardy (northern Italy) whereas Pugliese refers to the southeastern Italian region of Apula (Puglia in Italian). Both of these breads fall in the rustic category because the hydration is in excess of 65 percent. The difference is that Pugliese is usually baked in rounds rather than in the slipper shape of ciabatta. Pugliese utilizes a blend of durum and regular bread flours. I made my version with a combination of 50 percent durum and 50 bread flour.

I really like the texture of this bread. The crumb is just marvelous! For a semolina bread, I think I like
Pane Siciliano better, but this one is still good, especially as a dipping bread. It goes really well with Italian cuisine. In fact, I decided to make some spaghetti to go with the bread rather than the other way around.

The dough can also be used for pizza. I was planning on making one loaf of bread and using the rest of the dough for pizza, but changed my mind at the last minute. I should've gone with my first thought because I ended up burning the second loaf. I fell asleep. Lesson learned: Don't try to make bread when you're exhausted.


Makes: Two 1-pound loaves (or use part or all of the dough to make pizza)


  • 2 cups biga
  • 2 1/4 cups fancy or extra fancy durum flour and unbleached bread flour, in any combination (such as 50-50 blend)
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons salt
  • 1 teaspoon instant yeast
  • 1/4 cup mashed potatoes (optional)
  • 1 to 1 1/8 cups water, lukewarm
  • Semolina flour or cornmeal for dusting


Making the Biga

For detailed instructions on making the biga, refer to the Italian Bread post.

Mixing the Dough

Remove the biga from the refrigerator 1 hour before you plan to make the bread. 
Cut it into about 10 small pieces. Cover the pieces with plastic wrap and let them sit to take off the chill.

Stir (or mix) together the flour, salt, and yeast.  Add the biga pieces, mashed potatoes, and water.

Mix until the ingredients form a wet, sticky ball.  Add more water or flour as necessary.  Switch to the dough hook and mix for 4 to 5 minutes, or as long as it takes to create a smooth, sticky dough.  The dough should clear the sides of the bowl but stick to the bottom of the bowl.  Add flour or water as necessary.  The dough will be very sticky.  Keep in mind that the wetter the dough, the better the final bread will be.

Stretch-and-Fold Method

Make a bed of flour on the counter about 8 inches square. Use a spatula dipped in water to transfer the dough to the bed of flour. 

Then perform the stretch-and-fold method as shown in the Ciabatta post (refer to page 138 in book) or for additional instruction, view a video of the stretch and fold method 

Mist the top of the dough with spray oil, dust with flour, and loosely cover with plastic wrap. Let it rest for 30 minutes.

Repeat the stretch-and-fold method and mist with spray oil again, dust with additional flour and cover.  Let it rest for another 30 minutes.  Do this for a total of three times.

Lightly oil a large bowl and transfer the dough (using a spatula dipped in water) to the bowl. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and let the dough ferment for 2 hours.

Shaping the Loaves

Dust the counter with flour. Remove the  plastic wrap and with floured hands and a scraper dipped in flour, transfer the dough to the counter.  Try not to degas the dough any more than necessary.

Using a metal pastry scraper dipped in flour, cut the dough into 2 pieces.

Dip your hands in flour and gently shape the dough pieces into 2 boules (Page 72). 

Places the boules seam-side down, on the counter for a few minutes.

Proofing the Loaves

Prepare 2 proofing bowls and coat them with spray oil and generously dust the surface of the cloths with flour.  You don't need any special equipment for this part. I just used 2 mixing bowls.  Gently transfer the dough, seam-side up, into the bowls.

Mist the top of the dough with spray oil and cover the bowls with the flaps of the cloth.  My cloths weren't big enough so I place another cloth on top.

Proof the loaves at room temperature for 60 to 90 minutes, or until the dough has expanded to about 1 1/2 times it original size.

Preparing the oven for hearth baking

Preheat the oven to 500 degrees.  For detailed instructions on hearth baking with a steam pan, refer to the post on Pain À l'Ancienne Baguettes.  

I decided to use my
La Cloche for this part instead of using the steam pan.  Since the loaves are round, they fit nicely inside it.  I haven't been able to use my La Cloche with the BBA baguettes or batards so here was my chance.

To prepare the cloche, I greased the bottom with coconut oil and sprinkled it with cornmeal.  Then soaked the domed lid in water for about 15 minutes while I preheated the oven to 450 degrees.

Then, I gently transferred the dough for one loaf into the La Cloche by carefully turning the bowl over, lifting off the bowl, and peeling off the cloth.


I scored the loaves with a pound (#) pattern using a serrated knife.  I find it easier and more efficient than using a lame.

Baking the Loaves

Bake the loaves for 15 minutes, check them and continue baking for another 5 to 15 minutes, or until the breads are a deep golden brown.


Remove the loaves from the oven and transfer to a cooling rack.  The crusts should soften a little as they cool.  Allow the loaves to cool for at least 40 minutes before slicing or serving. 

Here is the loaf that wasn't burned. Thank goodness!

I'm submitting this bread to YeastSpotting, a bread roundup hosted by Susan of Wild Yeast. Please visit Wild Yeast to view all of the lovely breads in the roundup.

This bread tastes really good dipped in olive oil with freshly ground black pepper.

Just for comparison sake, here is what the burned loaf looked like.  I was proud of the shape and scoring on this one.  Too bad it's not edible! 

The next series in the Bread Baker's Apprentice Challenge is Sourdough Breads.

Happy Baking!


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