Friday, 24 August 2012

Italian Spelt Loaves

If you enjoy Italian Bread, but want to give it a slightly different flair, try this Italian Spelt Bread. Instead of using regular bread flour, the biga and final dough are made with a mixture of white and whole grain Spelt flour.



The method for making this bread is similar to the method we used for the Italian Bread in the BBA Challenge; however, this bread is made with Spelt instead of regular bread flour and the percentage of biga to dough is lower than the one we made in the BBA Challenge. The biga performs best when you make it the day ahead and place it in the refrigerator to ferment overnight.

This is a pretty healthy bread, and the dough is very versatile. You can make loaves, rounds, torpedo rolls, pizza, focaccia, bruschetta, calzones, and breadsticks using this basic dough.


Italian Spelt Loaves

Adapted from: Spelt Healthy! by Marsha Cosentino, M.A.

Making the All-Purpose Biga

This recipe makes about 2 cups (14 oz/375 g) of biga.


  • 1/4 tsp instant yeast
  • 1 cup lukewarm water (divided 3/4, 1/4)
  • 1 1/2 cups white spelt flour (divided 1, 1/2) 
  • 1 cup whole grain spelt flour (I used home-milled spelt flour)


  • In a large bowl, stir together 1 cup of white spelt flour, 1 cup of whole grain spelt flour and the yeast.
  • Pour in 3/4 cup of water and mix well.
  • The biga will be thick to begin with (Photo #2) but will soften and become lively while it sits on the counter.
  • Cover it with plastic wrap and let it stand for 4 hours at room temperature (75 degrees F). The biga is pretty active after 4 hours. (photo #3 below)
  • Stir in the additional 1/2 cup of White Spelt flour and 1/4 cup water.
  • Let the biga stand at room temperature for another hour or so until it becomes active and bubby.
  • Use the biga at the end of the 5-6 hour proof or refrigerate it overnight to use the next day. If you refrigerate it overnight, just be sure to give it time to warm up to room temperature to get the fermentation activity going again. 
  • I placed mine in the refrigerator overnight. Photo #4 below shows what it looked like after warming up to room temperature the next day.


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Making the All-Purpose Italian Dough

Makes: 2 loaves


  • 2 cups biga
  • 1 1/2 tsp instant yeast 
  • 1 1/2 cups water (divided 1 1/4, 1/4)
  • 2 tsp salt
  • 1 cup whole grain spelt flour
  • 3 1/4 to 4 cups white spelt flour (this will vary with the type of white spelt flour you use. I used a scant 3 1/4 cups)


  • Place the biga in a large mixing bowl and pour in 1 1/4 cups of water. Mix vigorously.
  • In a separate bowl, stir together the whole grain flour, 2 cups of white spelt flour and the yeast.  
  • Add the dry ingredients to the wet ingredients and mix to form a rough dough.
  • Add the salt to the remaining 1/4 cup of water and stir then add it to the bowl.
  • Gradually add 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 cups of the white flour and beat or stir with a Danish Dough whisk until it forms a soft dough. Adjust the consistency if necessary by adding White Spelt flour by the tablespoon.
  • Scrape down the sides of the bowl and mix until the dough forms a ball.  The dough will be sticky, soft and very moist at this point.
  • Turn the dough out onto a surface lightly floured with White Spelt flour.  Cover it and let it rest 10 minutes
  • Form the dough into a loose ball, knead it briefly by hand until it is elastic but still slightly tacky.
  • Place the dough in a lightly oiled bowl. Cover and let the dough rise in a draft-free place at cool room temperature (70 – 75 degrees F) for about 40 – 50 minutes. 
  • Check the dough and if an impression remains when a finger is pressed gently into it, then it is ready.
  • Ease the dough from the sides of the bowl and fold it over the top using a plastic spatula. 
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  • Gently deflate the dough using your fist, but don’t press down hard or punch it. You don’t want to expel the gases.  It should be springy at this stage.
  • Remove the dough from the bowl and divide it into two pieces.
  • Shape the pieces into rough balls and let them rest seam side up, covered with plastic wrap on the counter for 10 minutes before shaping.
  • Shape the balls into torpedo-shaped rolls and place onto parchment paper. 
  • For assistance in shaping the rolls, refer to the shaping section in the Five Grain Sourdough with Rye Sourdough post.
  • Preheat the oven to 425 degrees F. with a baking stone on the middle rack and a steam pan underneath.
  • Sprinkle the tops of the loaves lightly with White Spelt flour and cover loosely with plastic wrap. I sprayed the loaves with olive oil instead of using more flour.
  • Let the loaves rise until doubled in size.  This should take about 15 – 20 minutes.
  • During the last 5 minutes of the rise, score the loaves using a lame or serrated knife.  Make 2” long, 1/4” deep slashes along the tops of the rolls.
  • When the oven is ready, slide the rolls (and the parchment paper) onto the preheated baking stone and pour hot water into the steam pan.
  • Spritz the walls of the oven several times during the first 3 minutes of baking.
  • Bake the loaves for 15 – 20 minutes or until they reach a deep golden brown color.
  • The loaves should sound hollow when thumped on the bottom.
  • Remove the loaves to a wire rack to cool completely before slicing and serving.
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Slice and enjoy!  These loaves taste really good dipped in olive oil and herbs.  I also enjoyed them with jam. They do tend to get dry fairly quickly since they don’t contain any fat in them.



Happy Baking!


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